Gypsies vs. Gypsies

This report from Cologne isn’t just enricher vs. enricher violence; it’s intramural warfare between gypsy clans. The rich tapestry of multicultural diversity has been exported from the Balkans to Germany.

Many thanks to Hellequin GB for translating this article from Junge Freiheit:

Roma vs. Bosniaks

Lynch mob kills in the middle of Cologne

Did a Roma lynch mob kill its victim in Cologne over a feud between family clans? The reason, drunken slurred insults. Apparently a bystander had to die for it. The search for the thirty attackers is difficult.

In a pub in Serbia, a drunk Roma babbled torture fantasies into the internet. The result: one day later, in broad daylight in Cologne, a murderous mob attacked the brother of the drunk. A video that was shown in a murder trial before the district court in Cologne documents the hatred that is breaking ground in the middle of Germany.

The bloody deed happened on March 10 in the Höhenberg district of Cologne. Senad H. (37) slowly drives his Smart across Bamberger Street; he wants to turn off. Suddenly the small car is surrounded by a horde of thirty men. One reaches through the passenger window and pulls the key out of the ignition. The rest of the mob yanks the 37-year-old out of the vehicle. They hit and kick him; they stab the defenseless man 17 times; one of the perpetrators hits him several times with a hammer. Then the attackers flee.

Despite the emergency doctor, clinic and multiple emergency operations, the victim dies two weeks later in the clinic. The police secure video recordings and can thus identify some of the perpetrators; four are arrested. One of them is Halil H. The 31-year-old man has been on trial in the district court since November 23 for joint murder. The public prosecutor is certain that the reason for the lynching of the Roma was the video of the victim’s brother.

Investigators now suspect the lynch mob is out of the country

The day before, he had uploaded a video online in which he sang and slurred his fantasies of torture and murder against a rival Roma family, reported the Bild newspaper. He wields a gun in front of the camera. Then he chops off imaginary hands with a hatchet and is said to have made insulting remarks about the deceased of Halil H.’s family.

“The public prosecutor accuses the defendant of having decided with his family to kill the injured party solely because of his family affiliation,” a spokeswoman for the district court told the Express in the run-up to the trial . “All members of the accused’s extended family should participate in this.” The police are looking for other perpetrators with international arrest warrants. Investigators suspect that the lynch mob has fled abroad.

Afterword from the translator:

It looks like Germany, and the rest of the Western World, is turning itself into a massive South African-style township. Well DONE.

Shootout in Horgoš

In Serbia, near the Hungarian border, a group of at least six hundred culture-enrichers got a little bit boisterous, and engaged in a round of intramural diversity that involved firearms. Serbian police, unlike their counterparts in the EU, acted decisively against the rambunctious youngsters.

Many thanks to Hellequin GB for translating the German subtitles on this Serbian report, and to Vlad Tepes and RAIR Foundation for the subtitling:

Video transcript:

Continue reading

Migrant Storm on the Balkan Route

The migrant situation in the Balkans is heating up again. The following Austrian report discusses the situation in Serbia.

Many thanks to Hellequin GB for translating this article from Der Wochenblick:

Migrant storm in Europe

Asylum report from Serbia: They came with machine guns

The worldwide mass migration of the population to the countries of Western Europe, which began in the spring of 2015, is taking the form of a frightening mass panic that is rolling across the southeastern Balkans northwest of the European Union.

by Milan Timotic, Wochenblick correspondent in Belgrade

Huge wave of migration hits Serbia

Wars, various political or colour revolutions at the beginning of the second decade of the 21st century led to large population movements in different directions. Western Europe was hit hardest by these unfortunates. In early 2015, millions of refugees from the Middle East and North Africa poured north via southern Europe and the Mediterranean. The spring of 2022 brought a new, potentially larger wave of migration from Ukraine (six million) and migration experts predict a huge new wave from East Asia and Africa could swamp Europe with more than ten million people in despair.

The Republic of Serbia is in a state of emergency these days due to the arrival of thousands of uninvited “guests”. More than 150 kilometers of the route of the “army” of migrants got caught in the protective net of barbed wire set up by a decision of the Hungarian government in May 2017. With the high security wire barrier, the energetic Hungarian border police manage to respond immediately to the massive, aggressive and almost suicidal onslaught of masses of unwanted persons.

The daily arrival of more and more desperate people who do not lose hope of overcoming all obstacles and entering the fairytale life of the democratic West. Due to the impossibility of leaving the Republic of Serbia, they cause enormous problems for the local population living near the border. Peaceful villages and estates are overrun by strangers, who, locals say, are aggressive and destroy their property.

Knives and machine guns found

The police and special forces of the Serbian gendarmerie are making great efforts to restore order and peace and protect the local population. In a special police raid, which took place in the early morning hours of October 4, 200 foreign citizens without legal residence permits on the territory of the Republic of Serbia were detained in the village of Srpski Krstur. According to the police officers’ report, firearms, knives, a large sum of money and an AK 47 Kalashnikov automatic rifle were seized.

Migrants from all over the world

On the streets of Belgrade nowadays a large presence of unusual “guests” is visible from India, Tunisia, Burundi, North Africa and some other countries which the majority of Belgraders would hardly find on a geographical map. They come to Belgrade on regular flights and enter the territory of Serbia without restrictions, as they are in the regime of visa-free entry and exit. According to the first estimates, 300 “tourists” arrive by this route every day; according to rumors it could be more than 1,000.

These migratory movements were also noticed by the EU, so that shortly afterwards the Austrian Interior and Foreign Ministers Gerhard Karner and Alexander Schallenberg (both ÖVP) and the Hungarian Foreign Minister Péter Szijjártó flew to Belgrade. There they met with Aleksandar Vulin, Minister of the Interior of the Republic of Serbia.

“Serbia will never be a parking lot for migrants from any part of the world, but the European Union should selflessly help Serbia defend itself against invasion of immigrants from Turkey, Greece and North Macedonia.” —Aleksandar Vulin, Serbian Interior Minister

Continue reading

Something Wicked This Way Comes

The cultural enrichment of Western Europe continues apace, regardless of the Corona “emergency”, the Ukraine war, the energy crisis, and massive inflation. The newcomers just keep arriving. They’ve heard that Germany is the land where all the goodies are free and all the girls are willing, so they continue to pay the people traffickers (with Soros’ money, but that’s a separate topic) to carry them to the Land of Plenty.

Many thanks to Hellequin GB for translating this article from Bild. The translator’s comments are in square brackets:

New Wave Via the Balkan Route

In Dresden alone, 100 refugees arrive every day


Are we facing a new refugee crisis? More and more often Syrians and Afghans are caught illegally entering Germany! Around a hundred refugees arrive at Dresden’s main railway station every day — and the federal police expect the numbers to increase! At the moment, however, it is still unclear “why migration has suddenly increased so much,” said Interior Minister Nancy Faeser. [Is she really THAT STUPID, or just callous?]

One thing is certain: for weeks now, mainly young men have been fleeing via the Balkan route, wanting to go to Germany. To do this, they get on the Eurocity train in Prague or Budapest to Dresden (from 28 euros
— often without being checked in the neighboring countries.

As Bild learned from security circles, the respective border police are often deliberately looking the other way so that they do not have to register the refugees and keep them with them. “Whoever registers loses” should be the motto.

It was only in Bad Schandau (Saxony), just across the German border, that the federal police got on the trains and made spot checks. Many refugees have no ID with them, and are registered with fingerprints at Dresden Central Station.

In addition, it is checked whether they have already submitted an EU asylum application or whether they have committed criminal offences. They are then distributed to initial reception centers throughout Saxony. [And given German passports, perhaps, so that the migrant crime rate doesn’t go through the roof?]

How long the camp beds last there — unclear! That is why it is now to be checked, among other things, whether the exhibition halls in Dresden can also be used. In Bavaria, too, there is concern about the already overcrowded accommodations. Compared to 2021, the number of refugees has increased fivefold.

“It’s going to be really tight,” said a spokeswoman for the Munich Ministry of the Interior.

Afterword from the translator:

Continue reading

The Balkan Route Heats Up Again

A new wave of culture-enrichers is attempting to reach Austria and Germany by taking the Balkan Route overland to Hungary and/or Slovenia. What distinguishes this group from previous waves is that it seems to be notably well-armed — or maybe the soldiers of Allah just happened to get caught this time.

Many thanks to Hellequin GB for translating this article from Junge Freiheit. The translator’s comments are in square brackets:

Asylum migration continues to rise

Heavily armed “refugees” wanted to go to Germany


Asylum migration is currently increasing massively. In the first half of 2022 alone, the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (Bamf) recorded an increase of 44 percent. But that seems to be just the beginning. All hell is breaking loose on the Balkan route, according to Hungarian and Serbian authorities. Around 45,000 people, mostly from Islamic countries, are there on their way to Germany these days.

Not far from the border between the two countries, Serbian anti-terrorist units had to intervene, the Austrian newspaper Kronen Zeitung reports. They arrested around 40 heavily armed migrants near Subotica, ten kilometers from Hungary.

A veritable arsenal of automatic assault rifles has been reported. In addition, the “refugees” had four pistols, twelve knives, machetes, sabers and 182 rounds of ammunition of various calibers with them. The officers also seized drugs and forged ID cards and passports. [I guess that’s the expertise that’s really needed now in a Demockeracy]

The violence is already escalating

The focal point of the new migration wave is the Serbian-Hungarian border. From there it is not far to Austria and Germany. The violence is already escalating there. Two hostile Afghan groups recently met in a forest. Result: one dead. [What a pity.]

While the looming wave of immigration in Germany is being tacitly acknowledged, Austria is now reacting. There is talk of a “threatening situation”. That is why a high-ranking delegation from the country traveled to Hungary yesterday with officials responsible for internal security and combating people smuggling.

Austria wants to cooperate with Hungary

There they exchange information with the Hungarian police. Together they traveled to the Serbian border. Austria will increase the number of its border guards there to up to 50 officers. [Against 45,000? WOW, are they armed with teddy bears, candles and flowers?] The country also uses drones and thermal imaging cameras.

The Austrian Interior Minister Gerhard Karner (ÖVP) is alarmed. He said that “in the fight against human smuggling and also illegal migration, close cooperation with our neighbor Hungary is a decisive factor”.

Afterword from the translator:

Continue reading

The Kosovo Question Applied to the DPR and the LPR

In the following video Russian President Vladimir Putin explains the reasoning behind his recognition of the Donetsk People’s Republic (DPR) and the Luhansk People’s Republic (LPR) as sovereign entities. I find his logic compelling, but it leads me to an entirely different conclusion: that Kosovo should never have achieved international recognition as an independent state.

This clip was translated from the Italian voice-over. Many thanks to HeHa for the translation, and to Vlad Tepes and RAIR Foundation for the subtitling:

Video transcript:

Continue reading

The Ottoman Empire Strikes Back

Fly the friendly skies to asylum in Austria!

There’s a new Balkan Route for culture-enrichers who long to wage Asylum Jihad in Europe. They simply buy an air ticket from North Africa to Istanbul, and then board a second flight to Belgrade, where people-smugglers take them across Hungary to asylum paradise in Austria

Many thanks to Hellequin GB for translating this article from Kronen Zeitung:

“Asylum!” — Escape to Europe by plane

Not only is the number of arrests in Burgenland increasing dramatically. More and more migrants are flying to Europe quite legally, and only after landing, with the help of smugglers, make their way to the EU via new refugee routes. The “customers” pay almost €5,000 to their criminal companions. Shocking images are only too well remembered by any political observer as desperate emigrants from North African countries faced a life-threatening struggle to reach the Italian island of Lampedusa across the Mediterranean. At the peak of this wave of refugees, more than 2,000 migrants made it to the island within 24 hours. Many future compatriots no longer take this risk.

Legal with a passport

You buy plane tickets, pack the essentials in a small backpack, and off you go to the airport! “The new refugee route is the airlift from North Africa to Istanbul in Turkey and from there to Belgrade, Serbia,” report Austrian border officials abroad. The refugees travel legally with their passports.

“Once they land in Belgrade, most migrants throw away the passport or send the travel document back to their home address,” police officials say, based on research. From the Serbian-Hungarian border, many migrants are brought to Austria by smugglers: “Asylum!”

8,000 at the Hungarian border

More and more North Africans are using the new refugee route by plane. The numbers alone prove that. From January to April 2021, a total of 2,000 migrants were discovered and registered in Burgenland. More than 200 of them were from Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt and Turkey. In the same period this year, 8,000 migrants have already been reported at the border with Hungary.

More than 1300 of them disembarked from Morocco, Algeria and the other three states mentioned. “More refugees are expected in the weeks leading up to the summer,” insiders say. The total number of asylum seekers has already almost quadrupled. Concerned mayors from the border towns are asking themselves: “What else has to happen before high-level politicians react?”

Afterword from the translator:

Continue reading

The Fifth Balkan War?

The Balkan peninsula in southeastern Europe has been a tinderbox for the past 120 years. The volatility of the region was interrupted by the Cold War, but after the Soviet Union fell in 1991 it resumed where it had left off.

The first two Balkan wars — in 1912 and 1913 — were prodromal symptoms of the Great War, which followed shortly after them. Some writers refer to the events of 1914-1918 as the “Third Balkan War”. Along the same lines, one might call the period 1991-1999 — from the breakup of Yugoslavia to the Kosovo War — as the Fourth Balkan War.

Is the Fifth Balkan War at hand?

Last night I posted about an old Soviet-era drone that crashed last Thursday in Zagreb after traversing the airspace of Ukraine, Romania, Hungary, and Croatia. I tended to agree with our Croatian correspondent Vortac that the launch of the drone was likely a Russian operation, intended as a twofer: to gather intelligence about the reactions of three NATO member states, with the blame for incident assigned on the Ukrainians. But that was just an educated guess after applying Occam’s Razor to the available information.

Vortac was of the opinion that the drone carried no explosives, based on the diminutive crater it produced upon impact. However, the Croatian defense ministry appears to disagree, according to an incidental mention in this article from Hungary Today about the reaction to the drone by the opposition parties in the Hungarian parliament:

Opposition Demands Answers from Gov’t about Foreign Drone in Hungarian Airspace

DK, Jobbik, LMP, the Everyone’s Hungary Movement (MMM), Momentum, the Socialists (MSZP), and Párbeszéd said in a joint statement that Orbán must answer without delay and without hesitation whether the Hungarian armed forces are able to defend Hungary in view of the fact that on March 10, a TU-141 type drone stayed in Hungarian airspace undisturbed for 40 minutes and, according to the Croatian defence ministry, carried a bomb.

The aircraft had likely crossed over the entirety of Hungary or parts of neighboring countries before hitting the ground.

The parties also asked Orbán whether Hungarian Gripens had been scrambled to intercept the drone and if not, why not.

In case the Hungarian armed forces intercepted the drone, it is an unacceptable explanation that they did not think it posed any danger, the united opposition said.

The defence ministry said a similar incident had occurred again around noon on Friday in north-eastern Hungary.

That little tidbit makes this latest news from Hungary even more interesting. It seems Hungarian fighter jets were scrambled to intercept a civilian plane that entered Hungarian airspace from Serbia while allegedly carrying an explosive device.

Also from Hungary Today:

Continue reading

The Droning of Croatia

Late Thursday night an old Soviet-era surveillance drone crashed in Zagreb, the capital of Croatia. Fortunately for the residents of Zagreb, the aircraft landed in an uninhabited area, and no one was injured. It did not appear that the city had been deliberately targeted.

It has been suggested that the drone was launched by the Ukrainian military, which has been known to employ old Soviet drones. However, the Ukrainians deny all involvement.

The following video report from Croatia discusses the mysterious Soviet drone. Vortac, who translated the text for subtitles, includes the following analysis and proposes a likely explanation for the appearance of the drone in Croatian airspace:

The drone hit in the middle of the night, so surveillance cameras only recorded a very brief flash and nothing else. Of course, local newspapers have visited the crash site and filmed the crater with some commentary, but with very few insights. Even the crater looks fortunately unremarkable since the drone apparently carried no warhead and the damage it made was likely from its kinetic impact only.

My opinion is that the Russian army launched the drone as a false flag operation in an attempt to put some blame on the Ukrainians, to gather some intelligence, and to roughly target the Croatian capital. The drone flew over Ukraine, Romania, Hungary and Croatia, testing the reaction capabilities of Ukraine and three NATO countries, and that’s by far the most convenient route for Russians, since it maximizes the amount of gathered intelligence, and since it was probably too risky to launch it over the Baltic countries or Poland (where anti-Russian sentiments are much higher).

That kind of obsolete equipment probably doesn’t have any GPS or remote guidance capabilities, so if the Ukrainians launched it towards Russia or Crimea, it’s very difficult to explain how it made the 180° turn and finished over southeast Europe, even in error. Therefore, the route was probably predetermined, and only the Russian army would find such a route/operation tactically useful.

Here’s what the BBC said about the incident:

Mystery Drone From Ukraine War Crashes in Croatia

People in Croatia’s capital Zagreb were rudely awakened to Russia’s war in Ukraine when a military drone crashed in the city late last night [Thursday March 10].

There was an explosion in the southwestern Jarun district shortly after 23:00 (22:00 GMT). Residents found a crater and wreckage scattered close to student accommodation.

Zagreb’s mayor Tomislav Tomasevic said “it’s amazing that no-one was injured”.

Croatia’s president said there was no sign the country had been targeted.

Witness reports suggested the only person hurt was a man who fell off his bicycle as the drone hit the ground.

Markings on the debris included Cyrillic lettering and a five-pointed star. Local experts said these suggested that the drone was a Soviet-era TU-141 reconnaissance aircraft.

Despite the drone’s vintage, it has been deployed by the Ukrainian military both in 2014 and during the current conflict.

Croatian media have been speculating about its origin. Although Ukraine’s embassy in Zagreb declined to comment, an adviser to Ukraine’s defence ministry was adamant the drone was not Ukrainian and did not have Ukrainian markings.

Video transcript:

Continue reading

Och, the Puir Wee Bosnian Bairns!

A German journalist was caught trafficking migrants across the border from Bosnia to Croatia. It seems the enterprising member of the Fourth Estate contrived to enable the border crossing in order to create a heart-rending story that he could write up for his newspaper.

Many thanks to Hellequin GB for translating this article from the Austrian tabloid eXXpress:

Employee of the left-wing Tagesspiegel arrested as a human trafficker

It is reminiscent of the “Relotius” case. The German blogger and journalist of the left-wing Berlin portal Tagesspiegel Sebastian Leber (44) was arrested on the border between Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina — he was accompanied by a group of migrants whom he allegedly wanted to bring illegally across the border to write an article later about their harrowing trip.

Leber had crossed the border illegally with seven migrants. The attempt to create his own “maudlin” story was stopped by the Croatian border police.

The German blogger and journalist of the “Tagesspiegel” Sebastian Leber was arrested in Croatia because he wanted to smuggle migrants illegally across the EU’s external border and make a story out of it.

Jonas (@realjonaswd) November 21, 2021

Smuggling charges dropped — appeal

The incident occurred on Friday in the municipality of Cetingrad near the border with Bosnia-Herzegovina. The Karlovac City Court sentenced the journalist to a fine of 3,600 kuna (€500) for illegally crossing the border. The court dropped the charge of smuggling brought by the border police. The border police announced an appeal against the first instance judgment.

UPDATE: Statement from the editor-in-chief

Update: Late in the afternoon, the editor-in-chief of the Tagesspiegel, Lorenz Maroldt, spoke up: Leber went to the border as a reporter, the comparisons with Relotius were “absurd”. In addition (as can be seen in the eXXpress article, editor’s note) the charge of smuggling was dropped.

Croatian President Zoran Milanović on Masks and the Vax Passport

The following clip is excerpted from a recent press conference given by Croatian President Zoran Milanović. When questioned about the Wuhan Coronavirus, Mr. Milanović’s remarks deviated significantly from the Narrative imposed by the New World Order.

My favorite line: “Those are the measures that have infringed on human freedoms, not rights; those were fundamental freedoms, at the level of the right to photosynthesis, really.”

Many thanks to Vortac for the translation, and to Vlad Tepes and RAIR Foundation for the subtitling:

Video transcript:

Continue reading

Hungary and Serbia Plan to Stop the Migration Tsunami

Many thanks to Hellequin GB for translating this article from the German-language service of RT:

Orbán: Hungary and Serbia will rebuild Central Europe and protect it from waves of immigration

Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orbán has declared that Budapest and Belgrade are committed to rebuilding Central Europe. The two Balkan states would also protect the region from waves of migration from Afghanistan.

On Wednesday Serbian Prime Minister Ana Brnabic met with her Hungarian counterpart Viktor Orbán in Budapest for a joint government meeting. After the meeting, the Hungarian head of government announced that the two countries had agreed to rebuild Central Europe. He explained:

“At the moment, however, it is not enough just to rebuild. We also have to protect it to ensure the security of Central Europe.”

The Hungarian Prime Minister referred to the crisis in Afghanistan, which has the potential to cause a “migration tsunami” to spill over to the European continent.

Orbán emphasized that Serbia and Hungary also “defend Western European countries such as Austria and Germany” as long as the two Balkan countries “stand in the way of migration flows.”

Austria’s Interior Minister Karl Nehammer had previously complained about the prospect of taking in Afghan refugees after the Taliban came to power, and bluntly stated that “there is no reason why Afghans should come to Austria now”. Meanwhile, Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz and his government are sticking to the deportation of rejected asylum seekers and illegal migrants to their home countries.

Levente Magyar, State Secretary of the Hungarian Foreign Ministry, warned last month that the dramatic situation in Kabul “could conjure up an era of migration and international terrorism that we did not want and perhaps could have avoided.” Budapest made it clear that it will not allow Afghan asylum seekers unhindered access to Hungary.

The Hungarian head of government had already come under fire for his anti-immigration stance. At the height of the migrant crisis in 2015, Hungary put up a fence on its southern border with Serbia to keep out migrants coming from the Middle East.

The Hazards of the New Balkan Route to Western Europe

Even before the collapse of the American-backed government in Afghanistan, there was an intense pressure from Afghan “refugees” on the external borders of the European Union.

The following report on the new migration route through the northern Balkans is from Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk (MDR, Central German Broadcasting, the public broadcaster for Thuringia, Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt). Many thanks to Hellequin GB for the translation:

Afghan refugees on their way to the EU

Because Croatia and Hungary have erected high border fences on the Balkan route, refugees are now increasingly trying to get to the EU via Romania. The number of illegal border crossings rose by 200 percent in the first half of the year. Important hub: the western Romanian city of Timisoara. Many people seeking protection want to find a truck there that they can use to get to Western Europe undetected.

Ahmadi’s brown eyes look sadly into the distance; he is holding his destroyed cell phone in his left hand. The 17-year-old is sitting on a meadow in Timisioara in western Romania, in what is known as the Afghan Park, as Ahmadi and his compatriots call their meeting point at a shopping park. Almost every day there are checks by the police and gendarmerie, from which Afghan refugees repeatedly report that they’re been attacked or had their cell phones destroyed.

Ahmadi considers it pointless to report the incident to the police. That doesn’t help him get a new cell phone, either, he says. The telephone was his orientation aid on the run; he was able to use it to call up routes across the Middle East and now in Europe. Without a cell phone, he cannot contact his smuggler who is supposed to bring him to Germany.

On the run for over a year

The young Afghan left his home region of Nangarhar long before the international troops withdrew, otherwise he would have had to join the radical Islamic Taliban at home or hide from it, he says. “I preferred to forge on ahead.” He also wants to lead an economically better life in Western Europe. He has already covered around 5,000 kilometers, a large part of it on the Balkan route from Greece via Bulgaria to Serbia. In four months, he hopes, he will be with his brother in Germany, but Ahmadi has been on the run for over a year now.

It was particularly difficult, he says, in Serbia, where meter-high fences have made access to the EU almost impossible since the great refugee movement in 2015. He made nine attempts to come to Croatia. He tried to cross the Serbian-Hungarian border three times, all without success. Most recently, he took the route via neighboring Romania, which for a long time was considered a dead end among those seeking protection: since the EU country does not belong to the Schengen area, all borders in Romania are strictly controlled — including that with the EU neighbor Hungary.

Over 530 kilometers of green border with Serbia

But for a few months now, the Eastern European country has seen a significant increase in the number of refugees and migrants. The Romanian border authority registered almost 9,000 border crossings in the first half of the year, 200 percent more than in the same period of the previous year. The majority of those seeking protection do not come from Ukraine or the Black Sea, but from Serbia over the green border, which in some places meanders along the Danube, and runs through countless forests and fields.

The Romanian press recently wrote that a “new Balkan route” led through western Romania. An assumption that the border police in Timisoara do not want to share, even if most border crossings were on their 530-kilometer stretch with Serbia this year. “Regardless of whether this is called the new Balkan route or not,” says the spokesman for the Timisoara border police, Petre Nicola, “we are well prepared for every scenario.”

Continue reading

The Biologic Urge to Readjust the Map of Europe

In the two years since Dymphna died I have dedicated myself to putting my affairs in order, so that the future Baron won’t have too hard a time when I shuffle off this mortal coil and go to claim my 72 virgins. One of the most difficult and time-consuming tasks has been to clean out, cull, and reorganize the material in the filing cabinets here at Schloss Bodissey. I have to pull out all the papers and scrutinize them before deciding whether to keep them or not. In the process I have come across a number of delightful surprises, plus a few mysteries.

An example of the latter is a hand-written chart (to be discussed in detail below). It’s in pencil, in my handwriting (and very small — you can tell my eyes were still working), written on the back of a computer printout that dates it to 1990. It’s basically a compendium of territorial changes in Europe between 1916 and 1945.

(Click to enlarge)

The big mystery is: why the heck did I put the thing together? It was written fourteen years before we started blogging. The future Baron was too small at that point for the document to have been one my lesson plans for him. The material in it closely tracks what I had to absorb to take my A-levels (and special papers) in European history. But it was written twenty years after I took my exams, so I couldn’t possibly have been regurgitating it from memory. I can tell I consulted the Harvard Encyclopedia of World History (a 1948 edition inherited from my father that is now held together by duct tape. It is one of the most treasured resources in my reference library, second only to the Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology). Alas, I can no longer read it without a magnifying glass, so I won’t be checking any of the dates and facts on my chart to make sure they’re right.

For weeks I puzzled over the document, trying to figure out why I compiled it. My best guess is that Dymphna had been reading something — possibly The Guns of August by Barbara Tuchman — and wanted to know about the territorial adjustments made in the map of Europe by the Treaty of Versailles and others that followed in the wake of the Great War. She knew I was well-versed in modern European history, so she must have asked me if I would put something together that would summarize it for her. I would have been delighted by her request, because I love to do that sort of thing — or used to, when my eyes still functioned normally.

The chart is a useful resource, so I took the trouble to transcribe it as well as I could. Doing so brought back memories of all that old A-level material. Vojvodina! I hadn’t thought about that name in a while. And some of the other names — Serbia, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Moldavia, etc. — are well-known now, because they’re sovereign states, but they weren’t in 1990; they were still socialist republics within one or the other of the communist superstates.

I can still remember a few more names that didn’t make it to the chart — the Sanjak of Novi Bazar, for example, or Eastern Rumelia.

The map of Europe was drastically reorganized after 1917 (after the Bolshevik Revolution, that is) and then even more so after 1918 in a series of treaties that divvied up the territory of the collapsed empires. Adolf Hitler did his part to rearrange the map even further, and then major revisions took place after the end of World War Two until 1946 or so. After that everything was frozen in place by the Cold War for the next 45 years. Then suddenly in the 1990s you started to see names in the newspaper that hadn’t been there since the 1930s — Montenegro, for instance, and Estonia. And things are still in flux now — who knows what the map of Europe will look like after the EU finally collapses?

Here’s my transcription of the document. I tried to put it in date order as far as possible. I expanded abbreviations when I was sure what they meant; otherwise I left them as-is:

Continue reading