The Stubborn Persistence of Gender-Segregated Education in Sweden

The two news videos below are from the Swedish state broadcaster SVT. In them several education officials discuss a religious school (friskola, “free school”) which has persistently refused to obey the edicts of education authorities to hold classes in which boys and girls are not segregated.

The reports don’t specify the religion of the school’s administrators. They may be Unitarians, or possibly Buddhists.

Many thanks to FouseSquawk for the translations, and to Vlad Tepes and RAIR Foundation for the subtitling.

Video #1:

Video #2:

Video transcript #1:

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Just Lie Back and Think of the Multiculture

Many thanks to FouseSquawk for translating this Dutch article from De Dagelijkse Standaard:

Refugee Commission advice on immigration policy: “Nothing can be done, and it is far too expensive”!

by Wout Willemsen
July 5, 2020

Can anything be done with the immigration policy? The answer to the question is to be found in the advice that was sent on July 3 from the ministry to the Tweede Kamer, and is written in response to the investigation into the revision of the UN refugee treaty. July 3 is the day the summer recess begins… Not so surprising, because the conclusions are sad: “We can’t do anything, or it is too expensive.”

Dr Jan van de Beek has a nice Twitter thread set up where he manages to expose the core of the document (and its problems).

Tweet: [Inset]

1/6. It is noteworthy that this investigation into the revision of the UN refugee treaty, announced in the 2017 coalition agreement, will be sent to Parliament on July 3— the day the summer recess begins

In the document, numerous fallacies are found, mixed with half-truths. The conclusions drawn are the following: “To adjust immigration policy costs a lot of money and is not worth it. Adjusting the UN refugee treaty costs too much diplomatic effort, so you also should not want to. And actually, we are all delivered to our fate, and migration is a kind of natural force that we can’t do anything against.”

This is outright nonsense, naturally, but the idea of border controls is bombarded with images of North Korea, military zones, and the Iron Curtain. And later there is suddenly talk as if they will now be “permanently closed borders”. It makes no sense, of course, but the message is clear: Very scary! So we have to continue to try to make agreements with untrustworthy countries then everything will be fine (perhaps, over time).

The cabinet will not do anything about it and also doesn’t want to do anything. They just follow this advice. It is so simple.

Multiple Recidivist Culture-Enricher Rapes 83-Year-Old Woman

A court in the former DDR threw the book at a long-time Afghan resident, sentencing him to four years in prison for raping a senior citizen.

Many thanks to MissPiggy for translating this article from Politically Incorrect:

What kind of country is this, when something like this is possible? An Afghan who should have been deported 21 years ago rapes an 83-year-old woman.

by Eugen Prinz

On Thursday (July 2, 2020), the Leipzig Regional Court sentenced 47-year-old Afghan Hamid A., a rejected asylum seeker, to four years in prison for rape.

The crime is hard to beat in terms of its repulsiveness, as the victim is an 83-year-old German senior citizen from Delschitz who suffers from age-related hearing loss. The senior citizen, Christiane B., went through the railway underpass near the station on her way home in the early evening of January 9. Due to her hearing impairment, she did not notice that Hamid B. was following her and waiting for a favourable opportunity.

Rape without regard to the old woman’s facial injuries

In the underpass he brutally pushed the old woman to the ground from behind. The senior citizen hit the asphalt with her face. According to the indictment, she was immediately in tremendous pain. The elderly woman’s dentures broke due to the impact.

The rejected asylum seeker, who had 2.0 g/l blood alcohol content at the time of the crime, was not interested in the pain and injuries of the elderly woman. He raped her.

Lacking intelligence and a tendency to lie

While the Afghan, who was certified in a preliminary report as “lacking intelligence” and had a tendency to lie pathologically, confessed to the crime during the police interrogation, but he suddenly claimed in court that he had only wanted to help the woman up.

The verdict is not yet final. Both the defendant and the public prosecutor’s office can appeal it within one week.

Governmental impotence that endangers citizens

If what you have read so far was bad enough, in view of decades of governmental impotence and the failure of authority, now it has become even more criminal:

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Throwing the Book at ’em, Swedish Style

Two culture-enriching “Swedish” youngsters have received sentences of three and a half and two years for the robbery and murder of a third culture-enricher. The one who received two years did not participate in the murder, according to the court, and the other one pretended to be 16 at the time of the crime to avoid a stiffer sentence. Which, knowing Sweden, might have been as much as — gasp! — seven years in detention. As it is, he will serve his draconian three-and-a-half-year sentence in juvie.

The case has a Mohammed Coefficient of 100%.

Many thanks to FouseSquawk for translating this article from Petterssonsblogg.se:

Murder with 66 knife cuts and robbery brings 3.5 years juvenile custody for immigrant of unknown age

by Av Pettersson

In December of last year, a dead man, Rabeen Zuher Khalid, was found by passersby in Lövgärdet in Gothenburg. He had been beaten and been killed with 66 stab wounds in his head, throat and neck. Today, two young men were sentenced for the act. One for murder and robbery, the other for robbery and protecting a criminal, aggravated crime.

The younger of the two, Ayuub Mahamed Nur, with duel Somali-Swedish citizenship, and possibly 16 years of age at the time of the crime, was sentenced for murder and robbery to three and a half years in juvenile custody. The prosecutor had claimed that he was older than he stated, and that he was 18, not 16, when it happened. Concerning this the district court wrote: “In light of the margin of error regarding the medical age investigation and what else has emerged, the district court considers that the age of 19 does not appear more likely than 17 years. The district court shall thus assume the age which is most favorable to NN, and in this context that is 17 years.”

In the investigation, a letter was found where Ayuub himself wrote that he would soon be 19 years old, yet he is sentenced as a 16-year-old at the time of the murder.

[Inset:

From Migration Court judgment UM 2437-13 dated February 11 2014:

It is the asylum seeker who must prove that he is a minor.

This principle also applies to unaccompanied children.

In the first place, written evidence is relevant.

However, the asylum seeker has the burden of proof concerning his age, and if he cannot prove that he is underage, he will be considered an adult.]

The older of the two, Ibrahim Ali Mohamud, born in 1999, and for some reason a Swedish citizen, was sentenced to two years in prison for robbery and protection of a criminal, aggravated crime. He is freed of any suspicion of murder.

Pettersson wonders why the courts don’t follow the law regarding age; it is the asylum seeker who must prove his age, and if he can’t he is to be considered an adult and sentenced as an adult.

Greens in Gagaland

Beatrix von Storch is a deputy leader of the AfD (Alternative für Deutschland, Alternative for Germany) and a member of the Bundestag. In the following video from the floor of the Bundestag she responds to an initiative by the Green Party that would allow citizens to change their “gender” at will.

In the video Ms. Von Storch refers to a Green Party member of parliament named Anton Hofreiter, who is well-known for his fits of rage in the Bundestag. He is also well-known for his impressively hirsute appearance.

Many thanks to MissPiggy for the translation, and to Vlad Tepes for the subtitling:

Video transcript:

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Eric Voegelin on Gnostic Modernity

As a follow-up to his previous essay, Thomas Bertonneau discusses the work of Eric Voegelin and its relevance to this Gnostic age of post-modernity.

Eric Voegelin on Gnostic Modernity

by Thomas F. Bertonneau

A previous essay to this one on José Ortega y Gasset began with the claim that the past speaks to the present more pertinently than the present speaks to itself, but that the present, in assessing itself as the culmination of human advancement, actively disdains the past and prefers to stuff its ears. The essence of the modern psyche — which Ortega explores in his Revolt of the Masses (1930) — is paradoxically to be at once emphatically assured of its knowledge and wisdom but, in Ortega’s phrase, conscientiously ignorant of anything outside its radically narrow field of expertise, which it mistakes for a totality. The modern mind cuts itself off from the stream of human experience, oblivious, in its conceit, to the necessity of temporality, memory, and history in the very constitution of consciousness. Ortega’s phenomenology of the arrogant, self-limiting, and abjectly self-unaware subject finds a counterpart in the first important work of a thinker belonging to the generation after the Spaniard — The New Science of Politics (1952) by Eric Voegelin (1901-1985), who left Austria after the Anschluss, came to the U.S.A., and eventually attained a fellowship in political science at the Hoover Institute at Stanford University, where he practiced from 1969 to 1985. In The New Science, Voegelin advanced his thesis, which he would elaborate in subsequent books and essays, that modernity is “Gnostic,” a term referring to a set of exotic theologies, parasitizing on Christianity, which troubled the religious landscape of Late Antiquity, particularly in period of the Second and Third Centuries, and reemerged in the Middle Ages.

Voegelin’s thesis will undoubtedly strike the newcomer as arcane or even bizarre, but its affinity with Ortega’s descriptions of self-denominating expertise and conscientious ignorance offers a path to understanding. In Voegelin’s analysis, “Gnosticism,” like Ortega’s expertise, erroneously assesses its limitation and partiality as fullness and wholeness and in doing so substitutes a hallucinatory “second reality” for the first or real reality comprising the actual human situation and the fact of the cosmos. Like Ortega’s expertise, Gnosticism, whether of the Late-Antique or modern varieties, recoils from external courts of appeal. Averse to questions, Gnosticism seeks reflexively to prohibit interrogation or critique. Rhetorically, Gnosticism reverses all terms; it sets the inherited representation of the world on its head and makes of that inversion an absolute dogma. Thus the original Gnostics of the Second Century qualified the composite God of the Old and New Testaments as a false god — the creator of this world, yes, but of a botched world in which the Gnostic, who enjoys non-experiential knowledge of the supposed real world, feels himself a stranger. Gnosticism rests foundationally on the presumption that this world partakes in wicked unreality; that this world springs from a conspiracy of malign forces, and that, by the pronunciation of magical formulas this world may be abolished and replaced by the authentic and perfected world. The label of fanatical delusion fits well the Gnostic attitude.

Voegelin, by the time he wrote The New Science, had concluded that the modern political ideologies — Marxism, Communism, Socialism, National Socialism, and lesser creeds such as Eugenics and Technocracy — corresponded at least analogically to the Gnostic doctrines of the Early Christian Era. Voegelin’s discovery of the phenomenological convergence of Second-Century heresy and Twentieth-Century ideology developed from an argument he made more than a decade before in a book entitled The Political Religions (1939). Totalitarian societies tend to organize themselves in cultic fashion, Voegelin argued, and to establish themselves as secular creeds, dissent from which constitutes apostasy and invites condign punishment. The agents of the totalitarian regime regard themselves as makers of a new world, and thus, collectively, as the functional equivalent of religion’s Creator God. At the same time, ideology universally rejects the concept of transcendence. What the symbols of theology put beyond immanence, transfigured humanity and a faultless society, ideology posits as achievable in history. For the ideologue, as Voegelin writes in Religions, “the end realm is no longer a transcendent community of the spirit but an earthly condition of perfected humanity.”

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Ofay Police Girl Submits to Swedish BLM

The composited video clips below caused a sensation on Swedish social media a few days ago. In the footage you’ll see a lovely young blond-haired blue-eyed Swedish policechick submit to Black Lives Matter protesters. Not only does the young lady take a knee for the mob, she also raises her arm in a clenched-fist salute to the cheers of the assembled throng.

The clips were compiled by Charlie Weimers, a member of the European Parliament for the Sweden Democrats. He has a few remarks to make in response to this appalling event.

Many thanks to Kronans Martell (Ullis News) for the translation, and to Vlad Tepes for the subtitling:

Video transcript:

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Identity

Our Israeli correspondent MC has some thoughts on socialism, Black Lives Matter, the ancient Hebrews, and related topics.

Those who claim that socialism will work ‘this time around’, and that the previous iterations failed because they did not implement socialism properly, may have a point. The National Socialism of the Third Reich was eerily sound and stable, and in all truth, it was brought down only by the unsound and unstable socialism of Joseph Stalin.

The Communist version of socialism never works, probably more because of what it lacks, than what it espouses. Communism (and many other forms of socialism) lack the warmth of heart that humans need to survive.

National Socialism was about being German, and on the whole Germans loved it. It enhanced their identity, their oneness, and they were thus able to express a warmth to other Germans. In Stalin’s Russia, everyone outside of one’s family circle was a potential enemy.

In this we can see the roots of the politics of racism. To a German Nazi, a non-German (or a Jew/Slav/Gypsy) was not automatically part of the comfortable clique, but for a Russian, there was no comfortable clique at all.

I came across a photograph on the internet the other day. It was on a forum and the poster was asking if anybody knew anything about this photo that had been found in an old box.

I am in that photo, and I remember being given five minutes’ notice by the gunnery officer. I had seen on daily orders that there was a photo session for the gunnery team, but I was a specialist, only part of the gunnery team for shore bombardment, my role being to do the math behind offsets and deflections (no computers or calculators in those days). What had not been made clear was that my ship had won the fleet gunnery trophy and the fleet shore bombardment trophy, so I was included.

The photo got me remembering the insularity of the ship’s company within the midst of all the other ships in the Royal Navy. Us and Them.

This it seems to me is why ‘racism’ is just a natural part of human life, and to turn Racism into a political thumbscrew is absolute folly.

Communism is unstable because it cannot provide for stable relationships. It cannot provide a ship’s company. It cannot provide a team that will work together and have confidence in each other. I was missing, I was searched out, and I took my place in the photo so that the team was complete and the photo meaningful.

If I had thought that my fellow crew members would rat on me for the slightest political incorrectness, I would have had to have been more careful and calculating — or suffer the consequences.

When I am accused of ‘racism’, it is as if my place in the team has been erased and my contribution excreted. The idea of racism with its sibling Islamophobia (and yes, even in some cases anti-Semitism) removes the ‘warmth of heart’ referred to above, and which is vitally necessary for the effective functioning of humanity together. Any fear of ‘racism’ is going to produce division.

Legitimate criticism of Jews, Jewishness and Israel do not constitute anti-Semitism, but picking out Jews for unbalanced criticism does. It is fine to criticise the so called ‘occupation’ if you also include all the other instances of occupation around the world, Tibet, Königsberg (Kaliningrad), Spanish Morocco, to name but a few. Israel was granted to Jews in 1922, and all nations who have signed up for the United Nations Charter have also signed up for article 80 of that Charter, which brings the 1922 Mandate for Palestine into the Charter — indeed, it could be argued that under international law, it is Jordan that has ‘occupied’ Israeli land (see article 25 of the Mandate).

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Signs and Portents Everywhere… But of What? (Interlude 5)

Here’s another interlude post in Seneca III’s latest treatise. See the archives link at the bottom of this post for previous installments in this series.

Signs and Portents Everywhere… But of What?

by Seneca III

“War is the realm of uncertainty; three quarters of the factors on which action in war is based are wrapped in a fog of greater or lesser uncertainty. A sensitive and discriminating judgment is called for — a skilled intelligence to scent out the truth.” — Carl von Clausewitz

Interlude 5 — Whiteness rising and angry torrents raging through jagged rocks.

Prelude

Love and hate are the face and obverse of the same coin. For the last thirty odd years the white race has been subjected to the irrational hatred of the black and brown races — irrational because they subliminally understand that their failures, inadequacies and sheer primitivism have prevented them from creating stable, civilized cultures of their own despite the trillions on trillions of dollars, pounds, francs, deutschmarks and now euros pumped into their failed homelands and into their murderous self-made ghettos throughout the Western Ecumene, and thus they spurn the gratitude they should express, and turn to violent mayhem.

This should come of no surprise to seasoned observers of barbarian cultures. Essentially, after decades of our trying to help them in recompense for some of our ancestors’ actions hundreds of years ago, they are now openly spitting in our faces and physically attacking us with increasing ferocity in the expectation that we will be consumed by guilt and contrition and that consequently we will do nothing and meekly take it on the chin.

Well, they are wrong, and now they must face our hatred as we flip the coin over; the Law of Unintended Consequences has kicked in and is evolving into a force to be reckoned with — the BLM and Antifa thugs and other congenital liars and chancers of various persuasions are about to get their comeuppance. We understand now that this is a survival fight and we must treat it as such.

Report
1500-1930hrs 06/06/2020

Winston Churchill’s statue has been vandalized on the 76th Anniversary of D-Day (and so has Abraham Lincoln’s).

This not the first time Britain has come under attack and nor will be the last, but it will help us to deal with it if we absorb and remember these words:

“This is only the beginning of the reckoning. This is only the first sip, the first foretaste of a bitter cup which will be proffered to us year by year unless by a supreme recovery of moral health and martial vigour, we arise again and take our stand for freedom as in the olden time.” ― Winston S. Churchill

Thus, the barbarism continues; a mob in the vicinity of Downing Street have just thrown a bicycle — probably stolen, of course — and fired red flares at a police horse, causing it to bolt and unseat the rider.

She is sprawled on the ground, face up, unmoving, and she doesn’t look good at all.

Meanwhile, in Whitehall, the Cenotaph is being desecrated despite the fact that it is hallowed ground and, amongst many others, remembers and acknowledges the thousands of black and brown soldiers, sailors and airmen from what is now the Commonwealth who gave their lives in two World Wars. Statues and memorials can be cleaned or repaired as needs be whilst the memory of this evil day will remain…

…and burnt flags will be replaced.

This, I suspect, this is what the cousins across the pond mean by the phrase ‘A Chimpout’.

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Signs and Portents Everywhere… But of What? (Interlude 4)

Here’s another interlude post in Seneca III’s latest treatise. See the archives link at the bottom of this post for previous installments in this series.

Signs and Portents Everywhere…But of What?

by Seneca III

Interlude 4 — The coming of Floyd and the end times of nations.

The robbing, looting and burning, the beatings of people trying to defend their properties and the random shooting of innocents by both black and white BLM and Antifa scum in the US, supposedly on behalf of a dead thug and career criminal whom the media have turned into some sort of innocent saint, has nothing to do with the reasons for his arrest nor the circumstances of his death, which will, in due course, be openly dealt with by the courts.

[It has been reported that at the time of his arrest he was extremely violent and heavily under the influence of the drugs to which he was habituated. The coppers at first managed to get him into the squad car, but, being the large, strong, violent man that he was, he somehow managed to get out. No doubt extreme force was required to restrain him, and the coppers were not to know that he had an underlying heart condition and that kneeling on his neck for, in retrospect, several unnecessary minutes would cause partial asphyxiation resulting in a heart attack.]

That said, what any of this has to do with us in the UK is beyond rational explanation, as is the sight of Met Police officers being repeatedly attacked by the same primitive savages whom we have foolishly welcomed into this country in the name of multiculturalism and enrichment…

…and then ‘taking a knee’ at the feet of the same slavering, predominantly black mob…

…which was egged on by white co-conspirators such as this one…

…who I fervently hope will take that self-asphyxiation process to its ultimate, and for me, rewarding end.

Indeed, coppers such as those obsequiously kneeling, and their Common-Purposed superiors, disgust me to the extent that I almost vomited at the sight.

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Ten Rules for Politicians

Ten Rules for Politicians

by Michael Copeland

1.   Pretend only a minority of Muslims are of concern.
2.   Tell everyone they are warped misunderstanders.
3.   Tell everyone the Muslim clerics will help.
4.   Gain publicity at every Islamic holy event.
5.   Praise Muslims and Islam at every chance.
6.   Give Muslims positions of influence.
7.   Increase aid to Muslim countries.
8.   Pressure voters to pretend Muslims are no problem.
9.   Curb freedom of speech.
10.   Silently spend a fortune on counter-terrorism.
 

Hat tip: comment by PJG

The Corona Scam

I’ve been following the Wuhan Coronavirus closely for almost four months, since it was first publicly acknowledged by the Chinese government as a scourge in the city of Wuhan. In the early days it was quite alarming, but after large quantities of data began to roll in — real data, not the claptrap being beamed at the general public by the MSM, the WHO, and the CDC — it became less alarming. The more information that was gathered on it, the less threatening it seemed to be for anyone but the very old or the very ill.

However, the political class is wont never to let a good crisis go to waste, especially when it can be used to damage a Republican president. The media went easy on the H1N1 flu back in 2009 because Obama was in charge, and they had to make sure that he didn’t get any bad publicity because of the disease. But with the hated Orange Man at the helm, the elites grabbed the opportunity with both hands and ran with it. Millions will die from COVID-19, and it’s all Trump’s fault!

What we’re seeing now are the desperate attempts by a number of state governors (all of them Democrats, as far as I know) to hang onto the executive powers they have arrogated unto themselves as a result of the manufactured crisis. They’ve gotten a taste of what it’s like to wield totalitarian power over the serfs, and they don’t want to let go of it. Michigan Governor Gretchen Whitmer seems to be the champion despot of the bunch, although the governors of New York, California, Illinois, Washington State, and Minnesota, among others, are giving her a run for her money.

I’ve been gathering material for several weeks for what was intended to be a comprehensive post on the topic of COVID-19, but the data have been coming in too fast and thick for it to be possible. There’s just too much information, and it becomes outdated so quickly. Now that civil disobedience has become widespread, the crisis is easing, as local authorities and governors relax some or all of the restrictions under pressure from angry citizens who have decided they don’t want to be serfs any longer.

So I’ll just include a few things I’ve collected in the past month or so. The first is a video featuring two doctors in California, Dr. Dan Erickson and Dr. Artin Massihi, who give a commonsense, rational presentation on the virus, based on their experience, plus their analysis of real data from elsewhere. This video was taken down at least twice by YouTube, which seems to be removing mirrors of it as fast as they appear, even though it is calm, factual, evidence-based, and contains no conspiracy theories. Many thanks to Vlad Tepes for preserving it:

The second clip is a discussion by Tucker Carlson about the totalitarian oppression that emerged so rapidly and took hold so completely during the ChiCom flu crisis. Mr. Carlson (like many of the rest of us) is dismayed at how easily Americans surrendered their Constitutional rights and willingly allowed themselves to be turned into compliant sheep:

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Elderly People Are Pawns in the Manufactured Coronacrisis

We’ve seen what happens to old people in nursing homes in the USA during the coronavirus epidemic — they are locked in while the disease runs like a wildfire through the facilities. In the case of New York State, Governor Andrew Cuomo ordered patients infected with the virus to be sent to nursing homes, effectively passing a death sentence on thousands of residents already in those long-term care institutions.

The following videos are snapshots of what’s happening in nursing homes in Europe during the ChiCom flu. Many thanks to MissPiggy for the translations, and to Vlad Tepes for the subtitling. The first video is from Germany, the second from France. The French one was subtitled in German, and MissPiggy translated the German to get the English subtitling.

Video 1: Elderly man separated from his wife by Corona

Video 2: Torturing the elderly

Video transcript #1:

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José Ortega y Gasset on Self-Satisfaction and Specialization

Thomas Bertonneau’s latest essay discusses José Ortega y Gasset’s most well-known work.

José Ortega y Gasset on Self-Satisfaction and Specialization

by Thomas F. Bertonneau

The Revolt of the Masses (1930) by the Spanish philosopher José Ortega y Gasset (1883-1955), like many books openly critical of modern trends, was once celebrated and judged to be something of a contemporary classic, but it has gradually, over the last four or five decades, vanished from awareness even among the supposedly educated. I read it for the first time in the early 1970s when I pursued (rather fitfully, I confess) my undergraduate degree at the University of California, Los Angeles. The College Library possessed two copies, an indication of how widely the book circulated in the middle of the Twentieth Century. Were one to canvass today’s English or History faculties, familiarity with Ortega’s book would likely be non-existent; it would be a rare incident even if so much as the name Ortega registered with humanities professors in their thirties and early forties.

The Revolt nevertheless speaks to the present moment with increasing pertinence, as do many similar books of its day, such as Oswald Spengler’s Hour of Decision (1934) and Eric Voegelin’s New Science of Politics (1952), which likewise have lost all currency. The Revolt also describes those who know not of it and who think that knowledge is circumscribed by the syllabus of their graduate studies. The Revolt illuminates a remark made by Alain de Benoist and Charles Champetier in their Manifesto for a European Renaissance (2012): “Modernity has given birth to the most empty civilization mankind has ever known.” Two chapters of The Revolt offer themselves as especially relevant to the situation of the West in the second decade of the Twenty-First Century — “The Self-Satisfied Age” and “The Barbarism of Specialization.” First, however, a brief summary of Ortega’s general argument is in order.

The late Nineteenth Century, according to Ortega, saw the sudden rise in Europe of economies of abundance. This mounting wealth resulted, in the first part of the Twentieth Century, in mass man, a social and cultural phenomenon that adapted itself, but in no positive way, to the advent of material ease and comfort. Mass man reaped the benefits of a civilization to which he had in no way contributed, which he failed to understand, and which he took entirely for granted, identifying it as the natural background to his existence. By the power number alone, mass man, in Ortega’s phrase, intervenes everywhere, breaking down the hierarchical aspects of society and culture, while assimilating to himself — that is, to his limitation and incapacity — every institution. Mass man undertakes no projects, but contents himself with diversion. If he were to labor, it would be reluctantly, without commitment, and for the sake of diversion. Ortega defines mass man as “he whose life lacks any purpose, and simply goes drifting along.” This Homo novus has proliferated with such celerity that he overwhelmed any possibility of education. Thus, in Ortega’s words, “heap after heap of human beings have been dumped onto the historical scene at such an accelerated state, that it has been difficult to saturate them with traditional culture.” Mass man experiences a privative consciousness bereft of history, ignorant of the ancestors, and by tendency self-centered. He is egocentric in the extreme, in fact, but with the codicil that his ego remains at an infantile level of development.

A key to grasping mass man, Ortega argues, lies in the discovery of his most fundamental assumption concerning himself, namely that he is “exempt from restrictions.” Mass man also takes a stance of “radical ingratitude towards all that has made possible his existence,” a disposition related to his lack of any historical perspective or knowledge. Whereas “the ordinary man of past times was daily taught… elemental wisdom by the world about him,” because instability continually unbalanced that world; yet, “the new masses find themselves in the presence of a prospect full of possibilities, and furthermore, quite secure, with everything ready to their hands, independent of any previous efforts on their part.” This almost automatic proffering of goods and services in response to mere whim provokes in mass man “the psychology of the spoilt child.” The child of indulgence confidently presumes his priority over everyone else, and his superiority to anyone who thwarts, or attempts to thwart, him in his desires. He “makes no demands on himself, but contents himself with what he is, and is delighted with himself.” Ortega’s phrase — “full of possibilities” — requires qualification. The range of “possibilities” that interests mass man remains quite narrow. What one specimen of mass man wants, every other specimen of mass man also wants. Mass man brings an unprecedented conformity and homogeneity to his milieu.

These trends, including the abrupt dominance of this new, vague variety of human being, have expressed themselves, as Ortega puts it in one of his chapter titles, in “A Self-Satisfied Age.” Let it be said that the label that applied justly to the civilizational scene of Europe in 1930 applies no less justly, but with greater justice than ever, to the civilizational scene of North America ninety years later. Ortega could be sketching a portrait, for example, of the typical college freshman of 2020 in one of the state systems of (so-called) higher education, or of a self-declared “expert” prattling about this, that, or another thing on one of the cable news channels. The current chapter of modernity — or of “post-modernity,” as it preeningly calls itself — is undoubtedly ten times as self-satisfied, as entitled and narcissistic, as its precursor-chapter. What, then, are the basic characteristics of a “Self-Satisfied Age” or, rather, of the constituent personality of that Age? Ortega draws from his previous analysis three chief traits: “An inborn, root-impression that life is easy, plentiful, [and] without any grave limitations”; “contentment with himself [as he is that] leads [mass man] to shut himself off from any external court of appeal”; and a tendency “[to] intervene in all matters, imposing [his] vulgar views without respect or regard for others.” Ortega unites these traits, while emphasizing the third trait or vulgarity, under the damning etiquette of “spiritual barbarism.” Because “all life is the struggle, the effort to be itself,” and because mass man never struggles, but only revels in diversion, spirit or self has no inward grounds on which it might consolidate or exercise itself. It never appears.

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