My previous post about Dr. Seuss’ anti-appeasement cartoons from 1941 caused a lot of discussion in the comments about how much of a Red Dr. Seuss really was.
Last night, commenter Grayson said this:
…it wasn’t just that Geisel was pro-Stalinist-as-ally, he was largely pro-Stalin. Of course, that’s before the revelations about Ukraine and such got past Duranty and The New York Times gatekeepers.
DWPittelli followed up by asking an important question:
The cartoons were all from 1941, you say. Were any of them from before June 22, 1941, when Germany invaded Russia? If not — if they all followed that date — then they are evidence that Seuss was motivated by the Left, if not a leftist himself.
This morning the intrepid Wally Ballou located a selection of Dr. Seuss’ depictions of Uncle Joe himself:
Hmm — if you search the collection for images of Stalin, you can’t help but think Dr S was very highly disposed towards him. Most are of the “kindly Uncle Joe gives it to the nazi rats” variety, but check out the Feb 19, 1942 offering for out-and-out pro-Soviet feeling…
After all, Stalinst anti-semitism was no secret, but like many liberal Jews, Geisel was able to overlook it.
Here’s one of the depictions of Beloved Uncle Joe, from Dec. 24, 1941 (to see full size versions of this and the other cartoons, click on the image itself). Some of the others from the same period are equally creepy.
But answering DWPittelli’s question is important — was Dr. Seuss a Stalin fan before Barbarossa? If he was a party-line Red, he would have been opposed to any intervention before June 22, and then would have quickly switched sides.
Fortunately, the Mandeville Special Collections Library at the University of California at San Diego has a very well-designed set of overlapping indexes on the Dr. Seuss collection, including a chronological one.
Check out the whole collection, and it will become obvious that Theodor Seuss Geisel was no Stalinist. If you work your way through 1941, the evidence is clear: Dr. Seuss was in favor of intervention against the Axis long before Hitler turned on the USSR. The cartoon at right is from April 29, and his meaning is clear: America is foolish and blind not to deal with the Nazi danger.
All of the early 1941 cartoons have the same message, which was basically the FDR stance.
The most telling evidence that Dr. Seuss was no fan of Stalin is this cartoon, from June 20, just two days before Barbarossa. Stalin is shown as a crony of Hitler’s, one of the three dictator pals. The Stalin hagiography came later, when the USSR was our ally, and was standard practice in American popular culture for the duration of the war effort. Yes, Dr. Seuss seemed to go a bit over the top with his depictions of Stalin, but that was his modus operandi in all his cartoons.
He was, after all, following the FDR party line. In his later years, when he took up pacifism, anti-capitalism, and tree-hugging, he was doing the same thing: following the party line of the Democrats as they flushed themselves down history’s toilet.
I have no doubt that he was not a party-line red. He would not have been boosting Norman Cousins if he were. He was just a squishy socialist with a loathing for American isolationists and a soft spot for Uncle Joe. A common type of his time and place.
Had I been around in the 40’s, or if I got zapped back there in somebody’s time machine. I would have followed the FDR line as well, at least on the war. There was no other sane line, and certainly many Republicans thought so — such as the Secretary of War, Mr. Stimson.
I’m probably too southern to have actually been a Republican in those days, but I think the New Deal was snake oil. Still, the America Firsters, then as now, were to my way of thinking wacko. The dictator states (including Comrade Stalin’s USSR) were ready to carve up the whole world and the Republicans and America Firsters wanted to get behind the moat and pull up the drawbridges.
If Geisel was Jewish, as I assume,
his attitude toward Hitler is not
a surprise but it might be more
convincing if we had some inkling
of his attitudes during the summer
of 1939 when the Nazi/Soviet Pact
was signed not in 1941 when Nazi
intentions towards the Jews of
Europe were becoming manifest.
Nazi antipathy towards Jews might
have been obvious in retrospect but
was it so clear in 1939? Yes there
were the Nuremburg Laws and there
had been Kristalnacht in Germany
but that was in Germany. A Jewish
communist might still belive that
Nazi anti-semitism was an internal
German matter and not to soon be a
lethal export across Europe. This
was apparently the rational by
which many leftists could still
extoll the Nazi/Soviet pact as a
good thing as it was directed at
the capitalist west not at the USSR.
A really important piece of cultural history.
I don’t think you’re going to find much popular culture recognition of Nazis as genocidal masters in 1939. There is no way that you could assume gas chambers from Kristalnacht alone. Plus, the media didn’t report on German goings-on much at that time, or if they did, they summarized it like they do things today. In the ’30’s, if not ’39 itself, you could still find pro-Nazi sympathies being openly expressed. So would Suess have known about the evil of the Nazis in 1939? Would most Americans? I seriously doubt that either one is true.
Maybe you couldn’t assume gas chambers (it was beyond imagining) but Kristallnacht made it “crystal” clear that violent repression against the Jews was to be Nazi goverment policy. Roosevelt’s shameful betrayal of the St Louis refugees can’t be excused as ignorance of the facts.
I suspect, for reasons I have blogged on today, that the Israelis may be getting ready to intervene in a big way in Lebanon.
There appears to be a bigger than usual reserve call up on…
Mr.Ballou, the only thing unusual
about Kristalnacht was that is
happened in Germany. Pogroms east
of the ‘Reich’ were not uncommon be
they in Poland, Ukraine or other
What I am suggesting is that a Jew
in the United States could persuade
himself that the Hitler/Stalin
rapproachment was a good thing for
both were anticapitalist and thus
Hitler’s antisemitism could be laid
down to domestic politics just as
we see leftist Jews today making
apologies for European governments
failure to confront their own
anti-semitic tendencies and events.
For them the US is the greater evil
and thus, if a Jewish boy in France
is tortured and killed by French
Muslims it can be overlooked in the
interests of maintaining French
opposition to US policy.