…They were in the Cabinet. And the State Department. And the offices of military procurement. And the White House.
In other words, Joe McCarthy was right.
Below are excerpts from “‘McCarthyism’ by the Numbers” by M. Stanton Evans, published yesterday at Breitbart:
The orchestrated attack on Diana West’s important book, American Betrayal, has been brutal and unseemly, but in one respect at least it has served a useful purpose.
This lone positive angle — counter-intuitive at first glance — is that her iconoclastic Cold War history has sparked a barrage of charges about “McCarthyism” and the senator from Wisconsin who gave his name to a decisive epoch in America’s long death struggle with the Kremlin.
As is well-known, “McCarthyism” was an alleged focus of political evil in the 1950s: accusations of Communist taint, without any factual basis; bogus “lists” of supposed Communists who never existed; failure in the end to produce even one provable Communist or Soviet agent, despite his myriad charges of subversion.
Such is the standard image of “McCarthyism” set forth in all the usual histories and media treatments of the era. Such is the image relied on by the critics of Ms. West to discredit her book and dismiss her as a crackpot and “conspiracy theorist.” By arguing that pro-Red elements in our government exerted baleful influence on US policy to suit the aims of Moscow, it is said, she becomes “McCarthy’s heiress,” reprising the evils of the fifties.
All of which, from my standpoint, has one beneficial feature — though it doesn’t make things less unpleasant for Ms. West. It pushes the issue of McCarthy and McCarthyism to the forefront, where it ought to be, and where it is now possible to view his cases in ways not feasible years ago when the relevant data were not open to the public.
Even today, there is much that we don’t know — documents that have vanished, ancient records still being censored, deceptions still in circulation. However, there is also a good deal of information available for those who care to view it: sizable tranches of McCarthy’s papers, and those of his opponents; reams of formerly confidential data from the FBI; thousands of pages of hearing transcripts and archives of his committee and other panels of the Congress; intercepted Soviet communications and revelations from Cold War defectors; and so on.
Looking at this mass of materials and matching them up with McCarthy’s cases, the main thing to be noted is a recurring pattern of verification. Time and again, we see the suspects named by McCarthy and/or his committee — treated at the time as hapless victims — revealed in official records as what McCarthy and company said they were — except, in the typical instance, a good deal more so.
The accompanying table provides a sampler of some of the suspects named by McCarthy, his aides, or in his committee hearings, and reflects what is now known about them, based on official records (some of it was known even then but ignored or misrepresented).
Suspects named by McCarthy, his aides, or before his committee; identified in sworn testimony, FBI archives, or other official security records as Communists or Soviet agents; or took the Fifth Amendment when asked about such matters:
1. Adler, Solomon 26. * Levitsky, Joseph 2. * Aronson, James 27. Lovell, Leander 3. Barr, Joel 28. * Mandel, William 4. * Belfrage, Cedric 29. Miller, Robert 5. Bisson, T.A 30. * Mins, Leonard 6. Carlisle, Lois 31. * Moore (Gelfan), Harriet 7. Chew Hong 32. Moss, Annie L. 8. Chi Chao-ting 33. Neumann, Franz 9. * Coe, V. Frank 34. Older, Andrew 10. Coleman, Aaron 35. * Peress, Irving 11. Currie, Lauchlin 36. Posniak, Edward 12. Dolivet, Louis 37. Post, Richard 13. Duran, Gustavo 38. Remington, William 14. Field, Frederick 39. * Rosinger, Lawrence 15. * Glasser, Harold 40. * Rothschild, Edward 16. Graze, Gerald 41. Sarant, Alfred 17. Graze, Stanley 42. Smedley, Agnes 18. Hanson, Haldore 43. * Snyder, Samuel 19. * Henderson, Donald 44. Stein, Guenther 20. * Hyman, Harry 45. * Stern, Bernhard 21. Jaffe, Philip 46. Taylor, William H. 22. Karr, David 47. * Ullmann, Marcel 23. Keeney, Mary Jane 48. Wales, Nym 24. Lattimore, Owen 49. Weintraub, David 25. * Levine, Ruth 50. * Weltfish, Gene
* Took Fifth Amendment as to Communist/ Soviet activity-affiliation
Solomon Adler, Chi Chao ting and V. Frank Coe would all abscond to Communist China. Joel Barr and Alfred Sarant, members of the Rosenberg spy ring who worked at Fort Monmouth and related commercial labs in the 1940s, would flee to the Soviet bloc before the McCarthy Monmouth hearings started. Philip Jaffe would self-identify as a Communist in his memoirs.
Analyzing this list of 50, we find all of them either (a) identified in sworn testimony, or in FBI and other once-confidential official security records, as Communists or Soviet agents, and/or (b) plead the Fifth Amendment when asked about such activities, saying a truthful answer would tend to incriminate them.
As is self-evident from this lineup, it’s untrue that McCarthy never spotted a single Communist or Soviet agent, or — per one variation — came up with only a handful of valid cases. He in fact tracked down a small army of such people, and the roster given here is merely a sampling of the flagrant suspects who attracted his attention.
Read the rest at Breitbart.
For links to previous articles about the controversy over American Betrayal, see the Diana West Archives.